Nigeria made the move to ask the United Nation to ban people from joining a war in other countries. Nigeria fought for the creation of the so-called mercenaries convention by the United Nations. Under the mercenaries convention, captured foreign soldiers can not be treated as prisoners of war.
The three captured foreign soldiers who were fighting for Ukraine have been sentenced to death by a pro-Russian court. Prisoners of war can not be sentenced to death, but the court has decided that the foreign soldiers would be treated as criminals and not as prisoners of war.
The court has the right to sentence them as it deems fit because on 5 December 1979, Nigeria, acting on behalf of other Member States of the United Nations, sent a letter to the United Nations Secretary-General requesting that an item entitled “Drafting of an international convention against activities of mercenaries” be added to the agenda of the General Assembly’s thirty-fourth session.
The General Assembly adopted resolution 34/140 of 14 December 1979, by which it decided to consider drafting of an internation convention to “outlaw mercenarism in all its manifestations.”
At its thirty-fifth session in 1980, on the recommendation of its Sixth Committee, the General Assembly established an Ad Hoc Committee on the drafting of an International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing, and Training of Mercenaries composed of thirty-five Member States. On 17 February 1989, the drafting group produced the draft articles of the Mercenaries Convention.
This International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing, and Training of Mercenaries was adopted and opened for signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 44/34 of 4 December 1989. It entered into force in accordance with article 19 on 20 October 2001.
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